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Sunday, May 17, 2020

Assassinated African Presidents: A Roll Call

- In 1963 Sylvanus Olympio Republic of Togo
Late Sylvanus Olypio
Sylvanus Epiphanio Olympio was a Togolese politician who served as Prime Minister, and then President, of Togo from 1958 until his assassination in 1963. He came from the important Olympio family, which included his uncle Octaviano Olympio, one of the richest people in Togo in the early 1900s. 
He was assinated on January 13, 1963 

– In 1966, Johnson Aguiyi - Ironsi of Nigeria

Johnson Thomas Umunnakwe Aguiyi-Ironsi MVO, MBE was the first Nigerian Military Head of State. He seized power in the ensuing chaos following the 15 January 1966 military coup, serving then as the Nigerian Supreme Commander of the Nigeria Army. He quelled the coup and took over power as Nigeria first military head of state.
Late General Johnson Aguiyi - Ironsi
He was the one that abrogated the hitherto Regional System of government whereby all then regions has autonomy as far as managing their resource control. 

  • He was assassinated in another coup six months later precisely on July 29, 1966 along with his host, bosom friend Congo expedition junior colleague, Lt Colonel Adekunle Fajuyi. The then governor of old Western Region. 


 IN 1969: Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, Republic of of Somalia

Late Abdirashid Ali
Sharmarke
Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, also known as Abdirashid Shermarke, was Prime Minister of Somalia from July 12, 1960, to June 14, 1964, and President of Somalia from July 6, 1967, until his assassination on October 15, 1969. He was the father of Somali Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke. He was assassinated on Octer 15, 1969

– IN 1972: ABEID-AMANI KARUMÉ, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. FROM ZANZIBAR

– IN 1975: RICHARD RATSIMANDRAVA, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. OF MADAGASCAR

– IN 1975: FRANÇOIS-NGARTA TOMBALBAYE, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. OF CHAD

– IN 1976: MURTALA-RAMAT MOHAMMED, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. FROM NIGERIA

– IN 1977: MARIEN NGOUABI, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. OF CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE

– IN 1977: TEFERI BANTE, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. ETHIOPIA

– IN 1981: ANOUAR EL-SADATE, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. FROM EGYPT

– IN 1980: WILLIAM-RICHARD TOLBERT, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. OF LIBERIA

– IN 1987: THOMAS SANKARA, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. OF BURKINA-FASO

– IN 1989: AHMED ABDALLAH, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. COMOROS

– IN 1990: SAMUEL-KANYON DOE, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. OF LIBERIA

– IN 1992: MOHAMMED BOUDIAF, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. ALGERIA

– IN 1993: MELCHIOR NDADAYÉ, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. FROM BURUNDI

– IN 1994: CYPRIEN NTARYAMIRA, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. OF BURUNDI

– IN 1994: JUVENAL HABYARIMANA, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. OF RWANDA

– IN 1999: IBRAHIM BARRÉ-MAINASSARA, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. OF NIGER

– IN 2001: LAURENT-DESIRED KABILA, PRESIDENT OF THE REP. CONGO-KINSHASA

– IN 2009 JOÃO BERNARDO VIEIRA, PRESIDENT OF GUINEA-BISSAU

– IN 2011: MOUAMMAR KHADAFI, PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBYA, ASSASSINED

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